An adviser to the UK Government has provoked an outcry by arguing that there is a significant genetic basis for children's educational achievement.
The view was put forward in a lengthy and wide-ranging thesis by Dominic Cummings, a senior policy adviser to education secretary Michael Gove. The thesis - originally intended for internal government use, but subsequently leaked to the Guardian newspaper - claims that 'work by one of the pioneers of behavioural genetics, Robert Plomin, has shown that most of the variation in performance of children in English schools is accounted for by within school factors (not between school factors), of which the largest factor is genes'.
The thesis also reveals that Plomin, who is professor of behavioural genetics at King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry, was recently 'invited...into the Department for Education to explain the science of IQ and genetics to officials and ministers'. Asked by the Independent newspaper to discuss the briefings he gave to Government on this subject, Professor Plomin said 'Mr Gove asked some good questions, but I don't know if he agreed with the evidence presented on substantial genetic influence in individual differences among children in their educational achievement as measured by national curriculum scores'.
The leaked thesis has attracted criticism from political and scientific figures alike. Shadow schools minister Kevin Brennan said the 'claim that most variation in performance is due to genetics rather than teaching quality will send a chill down the spine of every parent'. Steven Rose, emeritus professor of biology at the Open University, argued in New Scientist magazine that 'whatever intelligence is...to hunt for it in the genes is an endeavour driven more by ideological commitment than either biological or social scientific judgement'.
Others, however, have defended the arguments of Cummings and Professor Plomin. Psychologist Dr Kathryn Asbury, coauthor with Plomin of a book on the relationship between genetics and educational achievement, called for educationists to 'remove the taboo about genetics in education'.